During the 19th century, several small-scale sports festivals across Europe were named after the Ancient Olympic Games. The 1870 Olympics at the Panathenaic stadium, which had been refurbished for the occasion, had an audience of 30,000 people. Coubertin adopted Dr William Penny Brookes’ idea to establish a multi-national and multi-sport event—the ancient games only allowed … More ATHENS-1896 OLYMPICS.

Celtic Shaving Razor

Ancient Celtic Shaving Razor! c. 8th-6th century BC. Rare Bronze Age ‘Hallstatt Type’ razor. Rounded blade with wide shoulders, triangular-section rod handle pierced for suspension. The rounded edges are worked to a very fine blade.

Crusader Oil Lamp.

Crusader Israel, c. 13th century AD. A nice and very rare Mamluk/Crusader Period ceramic oil lamp. cf. IAA Reports 26: Avissar and Stern, “Pottery of the Crusader, Ayyubid, and Mamluk Periods in Israel”

Pilgrim Water Flask.

  Medieval England, 14th-15th century AD. Pilgrim holy water flask made of lead. Also known as an ampulla, these lead vessels were brought from pilgrimage places as a souvenir. Some scholars have suggested that many ampullae were used in the annual springtime ‘Blessing the Fields’ ceremony, in which the Holy Water they contained was sprinkled … More Pilgrim Water Flask.

Chevalier d’Eon, a Eighteenth Century Transgender Woman

Charles-Geneviève-Louis-Auguste-André-Timothée d’Éon de Beaumont usually known as the Chevalier d’Éon, was a French diplomat, spy, freemason and soldier who fought in the Seven Years’ War. D’Éon had androgynous physical characteristics and natural abilities as a mimic, good features for a spy. D’Éon appeared publicly as a man and pursued masculine occupations for forty nine years, although … More Chevalier d’Eon, a Eighteenth Century Transgender Woman