On This Day January 3rd.

Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther in the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem in 1521.

Benning Wentworth issues the first of the New Hampshire Grants, leading to the establishment of Vermont in 1749.

The first issue of Berlingske, Denmark’s oldest continually operating newspaper, is published in 1749.

American General George Washington defeats British General Lord Cornwallis at theBattle of Princeton in 1777.

A magnitude 7.7 earthquake destroys the city of Almaty in Russian Turkestan in 1911.

At the Paris Peace Conference, Emir Faisal I of Iraq signs an agreement with Zionistleader Chaim Weizmann on the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine and an Arab nation in a large part of the Middle East in 1919.

Minnie D. Craig becomes the first female elected as Speaker of the North Dakota House of Representatives, the first female to hold a Speaker position anywhere in the United States in 1933.

A fire damages the top part of the Eiffel Tower in 1956.

Alaska is admitted as the 49th U.S. state in 1959.

Pope John XXIII excommunicates Fidel Castro in 1962.


106 BC – Cicero, Roman politician and philosopher

1196 – Emperor Tsuchimikado of Japan

1777 – Elisa Bonaparte, sister of Napoleon.


1875 – Alexandros Diomidis, Greek banker and politician; 145th Prime Minister of Greece.

1879 – Grace Coolidge, American wife of Calvin Coolidge; 32nd First Lady of the United States.

1883 – Clement Attlee, English soldier, lawyer, and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

1892 – J. R. R. Tolkien, English novelist, short story writer, poet, and philologist.

1905 – Anna May Wong, American actress.

1930 – Robert Loggia, American actor and director.


Pope Anterus in 236 AD

Emperor Yuan of Jin in 323

King Philip V of France in 1322

Catherine of France, Queen of England in 1437

Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg in 1571





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