On This Day January 2nd.

  • 533 – Mercurius becomes Pope John II, the first pope to adopt a new name upon elevation to the papacy.
  • 1492 – Reconquista: the Emirate of Granada, the last Moorishstronghold in Spain, surrenders.
  • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: American forces under the command of George Washington repulsed a British attack at theBattle of the Assunpink Creek near Trenton, New Jersey.
  • 1788 – Georgia becomes the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution.
  • 1791 – Big Bottom massacre in the Ohio Country, marking the beginning of the Northwest Indian War.
  • 1818 – The British Institution of Civil Engineers is founded.
  • The discovery of the planet Vulcan is announced at a meeting of the French Academy of Sciences in Paris, France.
    • 1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Stones River (a.k.a. Battle of Murfreesboro) resumes in central Tennessee after a day’s respite, resulting in a significant Union victory.
    • 1865 – Uruguayan War: The Siege of Paysandú ends as Brazilianand Coloradans capture Paysandú, Uruguay.
    • 1871 – Amadeus I becomes King of Spain.
    • 1900 – American statesman and diplomat John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China.
    • 1905 – Russo-Japanese War: The Russian garrison surrenders at Port Arthur, China.
    • 1911 – A gun battle in the East End of London left two dead and sparked a political row over the involvement of then-Home Secretary Winston Churchill.
    • 1920 – The second Palmer Raid takes place with another 6,000 suspected communists and anarchists arrested and held without trial. These raids take place in several U.S. cities.
    • 1935 – Bruno Hauptmann goes on trial for the murder of Charles Lindbergh, Jr., infant son of aviator Charles Lindbergh.
    • 1941 – World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom.
    • 1942 – The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) convicts 33 members of a German spy ring headed by Fritz Joubert Duquesne in the largest espionage case in United States history—the Duquesne Spy Ring.
    • 1942 – World War II: Manila, Philippines is captured by Japanese forces.
    • 1945 – World War II: Nuremberg, Germany (in German, Nürnberg) is severely bombed by Allied forces.
      • 1971 – The second Ibrox disaster kills 66 fans at a Rangers-Celtic association football (soccer) match.
      • 1974 – United States President Richard Nixon signs a bill lowering the maximum U.S. speed limit to 55 MPH in order to conserve gasoline during an OPEC embargo.
      • 1975 – A bomb blast at Samastipur, Bihar, India, fatally wounds Minister of Railways Lalit Narayan Mishra.
      • 1975 – Bangladeshi Marxist leader Siraj Sikder is arrested and dies while in police custody.
      • 1976 – The Gale of January 1976 begins, which results in coastal flooding around the southern North Sea coasts, resulting in at least 82 deaths and US$1.3 billion in damage.
      • 1981 – One of the largest investigations by a British police force ends when serial killer Peter Sutcliffe, the “Yorkshire Ripper”, is arrested in Sheffield, South Yorkshire.

NOTABLE BIRTHS

Piero di Cosimo, Italian painter in 1462

Nathaniel Bacon, English-American rebel leader in 1647

Osman III, Ottoman sultan in 1699

Folke Bernadotte, Swedish lieutenant and diplomat in 1895

NOTABLE DEATHS

King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia in 1861

James Dooley, Irish-Australian politician; 21st Premier of New South Wales in 1950.

 

 

 

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